When travelling, you may be at risk for a number of vaccine preventable illnesses. Over time, the protection provided through vaccination against many illnesses may decrease. Your risk of getting certain diseases may also increase.
You should consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel. This provides an opportunity to:
- review your immunization history
- make sure you are up-to-date according to your provincial/territorial immunization program
- discuss any health concerns you may have related to your trip
- assess your needs based on where you plan to travel and what you plan to do
Additional vaccines may be recommended depending on your age, planned travel activities and local conditions. Remember that preventing disease through vaccination is a lifelong process.
What vaccines may be recommended?
Your health care provider may recommend that you get vaccinated against one or more of these diseases prior to travel:
- chicken pox (varicella)
- flu (influenza)
- German measles (rubella)
- Haemophilus influenzae type b disease (Hib)
- hepatitis A
- hepatitis B
- human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Japanese encephalitis
- meningococcal disease
- pneumococcal disease
- tick-borne encephalitis
- typhoid fever
- whooping cough (pertussis)
- yellow fever
What vaccines may be required?
- It’s always best to consult with an embassy or consulate of your destination country for up-to-date information on entry and exit requirements before travelling abroad.
- Some countries require proof that you have received a yellow fever vaccination, documented on an International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis before allowing you to enter the country. Without such proof, you may be refused entry, quarantined or vaccinated.
- In many countries, the vaccination is only given at designated yellow fever vaccination centers. Please check your country requirements.
- Some countries may require that all travelers have proof of yellow fever vaccination, and other countries may require this proof if you have passed through an area where yellow fever may occur.
- Some countries may require additional vaccinations before you arrive.
It’s always best to consult with Saudi embassy or consulate for up-to-date information on entry and exit requirements before even planning for your pilgrimage. The Hajj and Umrah tour operators also have up-to-date information and can provide you the vaccinations that you will need in order to get Hajj and Umrah Visa. The following Travel and Health App is the only travel App that has all the information that you will need for this travel. So please download it from iTunes store.
- Keep your family’s immunization records in a safe and accessible place and carry copies when you travel. You can use My Travel Health App to store this
- Link to the App https://appsto.re/us/Fnrc4.i.
- If your destination country requires proof of yellow fever vaccination, you must carry the original International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis. Keep a copy of this certificate at home.
PROTECT YOURSELF BE SAFE
What You should do
|WHOOPING COUGH||30K new infections in 2014 alone in the US||Childhood vaccine is given at 2, 4, 6 and 15 months and at 4 to 6 years. Booster should be given at 11 and to pregnant women||Consider a booster shot in adult hood|
|MEASLES||59 cases reported in the US traced back to people who did not receive the full vaccine||Two full doses, MMR shots are 99% effective against measles, mumps and rubella. First dose at age 1 the second at age 4 to 6||Two doses should protect against measles throughout the adulthood|
|HPV||Most common sexually transmitted infection. Some strains can cause throat or genital cancers||Girls and boys ages 11 to 12 should get vaccinated. Cervarix and Gardasil are two vaccines for HPV||Must get all three doses to be effective. Parents should consider|
|FLU||Each year many deaths occur due to FLU. By early 2015 56 children had died of FLU||Shot changes each year based on strains. Ages 6 month and up.||Every year get a new FLU shot|
|SHINGLES||One is Three Americans will get shingles. People over 60 at the greatest risk.||Vaccine for chicken pox is recommended for kids. People over 60 should consider shingles vaccine||Get a shingles shot at 60. Chickenpox vaccine does not prevent shingles|
Adapted from the Times Article – The Vaccine Crisis by Alexandra Sifferlin, February 9, 2015 issue.